Information About Fujairah Emirate

Geology of the United Arab Emirates

Between the waters of the Arabian Gulf in the north and north west and the Gulf of Oman in the east, between latitudes 22 and 26 ° 30 'degree north and longitudes 51 and 56 ° 30' east. The United Arab Emirates is approximately 83,600 square kilometers. The most important part of this area is the deserts. The Hajar Mountains occupy the eastern and northeastern part of the country, where the plains are abundant in the eastern and western parts of the country. Sabkhat characterized most parts of the coastal plains in the Arabian Gulf. The four-day sediments cover most of the country's surface geology, and the presence of rock detectors in the eastern part of the country (Hajar Mountains, Musandam, Jebel Hafeet, Malakat, Mendesah and Al-Saifah) is confined to the southern coast of the Arabian Gulf west of Abu Dhabi.

The oldest Hormuz rocks in the state are about 600 million years old. These rocks are found in islands far from the coast (such as the Dalma Islands, Sir Bani Yas and Zirkho), and in Jebel Dhanna, consisting of salt, which is accompanied by sedimentary and sedimentary rocks. Salt rocks are in the form of surface and marine domes that cover the oil and gas assemblies (such as Umm al-Sheif and Zakum).

After the eruption of the Ophiolite, a sedimentary basin was established at the top of the mountains and along the western wing of the Hajar Mountains, filled with sediments that range from the Late Cretaceous to the Triple Era. These sediments were folded after the eruption and formed contiguous folds in the mountains of Hafeet, Tweezers, Mendesa and Sufaat. The sand and sand gravel sediment covers the plains bordered to the west by the mountainous structures of Hafeet and Al-Sufa and from the east by the western tip of the Hajar Mountains. Under the sands of the western and central parts of the country is the plains of the thick Arab quay composed of oil-rich sedimentary rock, which forms the bedrock of most of the United Arab Emirates, including the maritime region.

Geology of the Emirate of Fujairah:

The Emirate of Fujairah is one of the seven emirates that form the United Arab Emirates and overlooks the Gulf of Oman to the east. The total area of the Emirate is about 1580 square kilometers, representing 1.9% of the country's area. The mountains and rocky heights are about 1200 square kilometers, representing 76% of the total area. The urban areas and townships occupy about 15% of the total area of the Emirate. The licensed areas are only 100 square kilometers in area and represent 6% of the emirate's area.

The mountains and rocky heights of the emirate are a natural museum of the various forms and types affected by tectonic factors of folding, cracking, sliding and geological overlap. It is divided into two rock units, the first of which is the origin of origin, where geology was formed in its place and the other transferred from its original place to the present place. This is in addition to the coastal areas characterized by the silicate sedimentary plains and a few calcareous sediments and local spills.

The origin of the original rock units from the Middle Permian period extends back to the Upper Cretaceous period. The majority of its rocks are composed of limestone rocks, the problem of the Hajar Mountains, which is divided into rock formations, which are called the Ramo, the Moon, the Head of Mountains and the Massandam Mountains. These sequences contain various sedimentary rocks, mainly limestone, dolomite, sandstone, clay, clay stone, flint, sediments, beach and aerobic sand

The movable rock units are composed of the ophiolite and represent a fragment of the upper earth scarf and the oceanic crust that swept through the late Cretaceous period in the direction of the continental crust, a variety of basal and sub-basal rocks such as dibes, algebra, harsbergite, duneite, serpinate, volcanic structures Surface like pillows and volcanic breakers.

The rocky base of the Emirate of Fujairah includes the igneous rocks of the Upholite rock sequence known as the Samail sequence or compound, which is in the late Cretaceous period and stretches approximately 500 kilometers from the head of Hadd in the south in Oman to the eastern parts of the United Arab Emirates. Rock of the world's aviolaite.

The mountain ranges, plateaus, valleys, oases and sandy beaches are all the geological components of the emirate's land. The mountains represent the largest proportion of these components, which are a natural museum of the various forms and types affected by factors and folds, cracking, sliding and overlap. Problem with the ophiolite rocks Al-Hawasneh complex, , And a flint stone, with some silicate rock, clay rock, limestone and limestone sheets, which are mostly located in the northwest of the territory of the Principality, and as a result of the fall of monsoon rains profusely have been created many dams to increase the reservoir Wen of groundwater.

Metal content and investment opportunities:

The Emirate of Fujairah was located near the Strait of Hormuz and on the route of international shipping routes to be a central meeting point in addition to its calm and safe water.

In addition to the infrastructure and advanced international communication networks, the single window system for applications, licenses and administrative transactions, the availability of skilled workers with relatively low wages, the presence of Fujairah Port as one of the best international shipping ports through its logistics services and the presence of Al-Kasr Marina, An attractive area for investment and free trade.

The Fujairah Natural Resources Foundation has carried out geological, geochemical and mineral exploration surveys in the Emirate, encouraging scientific research and providing opportunities for students to train through memorandums of understanding and cooperation conducted by the Foundation with universities and scientific research centers, most notably the United Arab Emirates University. And rehabilitation of cadres working in the institution.

In addition, the Union train network will link all the industrial and mining areas of Fujairah Port and the ports of the United Arab Emirates as well as the ports of the GCC countries, which will have the greatest impact on the movement of transport of goods and building materials of gravel and rock and make it easier and flowing, and the subsequent Have positive effects on the environment and prolong the life of the roads as a result of the discontinuation of the transfer of products from production sources to export ports

The mountains and rocky heights that make up most of the emirate land a natural resource important because they contain some mineral deposits Kalkrom copper and possibly manganese, iron, platinum and other, which is the main focus of studies and research to be carried out by the Geology Department and Mining Corporation Fujairah Natural Resources is also considered rock formations and deposits of non-metallic an important source for the production of all basic building materials which are based upon not only in the emirate, but for all the emirates construction and construction and mining industries, and beyond it to the GCC and Arab countries India and other.

Geological explorations indicate the existence of copper mining sites in the area. Some vineyards were excavated in the 1990s, and a site is currently being excavated in the M1 area for chromite extraction. Some of the excavated sites are located in the central area of the Siji and Zaqat regions.

The inclusion of limestone rocks in high purity levels of calcium carbonate has opened the way for many industrial investment opportunities for the production of calcium oxide, calcium hydroxide and calcium carbonate, thus establishing many chemical and construction industries to meet demand from local, regional and international markets.

The investment in the field of mining is now open for the establishment of many industries in the Emirate and mention of, but not limited to::

  • Portland Cement Industry.
  • Manufacture of lime.
  • Manufacture of limestone bricks.
  • Manufacture of ornamental stones.
  • Rock wool industry.
  • Red Brick Industry.
  • Manufacture of metal fillings.
  • Manufacture of building blocks (gravel and large rocks).
  • Manufacture of anhydrous sodium carbonate or soda ash (?)
  • Auxiliary materials in iron and steel smelters.

Fujairah Natural Resources Corporation is one of the pioneers in the allocation of many mining areas in accordance with the directives of the State and the Government of Fujairah, which is concerned with the conservation, exploitation and sustainability of natural resources in a clean environment free from pollution. The allocation of mining areas into three geographical regions (M1, M2, M3) has been supported by the development of strict regulations and controls on all mining facilities in each sector to ensure the safety of the environment and workers by working to reduce pollutants as much as possible and reduce The negative effects of the development of industrial processes and methods of control, as well as the use of the mineral and the study of environmental impact assessment of various mining activities and attention to environmental monitoring programs and waste management and coordination with the Ministry of Climate Change and the environment in this regard.

Seeking to anticipate the future, by providing opportunities for the industries of mining innovative to add a tributary of the emirate's economy by adopting methodologies and modern scientific methods which help at the end of the strategic planning of mining proper, which in turn contributes to policy guidance and set priorities to optimize and help develop future mining plans promising from social responsibility in the service of the homeland and extreme care to contribute to the development process and good time in all our business has launched Fujairah natural resources Foundation about the prospects for a milestone on the path of prosperity to make only model Such as development and reconstruction under the wise leadership of the United Arab Emirates.